For the safe handling of UV-C radiation, the Federal German Occupational Health and Safety Regulation on Artificial Optical Radiation in Germany and the Regulation on Optical Radiation - VOPST for the implementation of the EU Directive 2006/25/EC "Artificial Optical Radiation" in Austria must be observed. UV-C radiation is dangerous and can cause damage to health if the safety instructions are not observed.
Effect on Humans
Energy-rich and short-wave UV-C radiation can cause damage to the tissue layers of the skin and eyes of humans. Unlike X-rays, UV radiation cannot penetrate the human body, but is absorbed by cells in the upper layers of the skin. There the radiation energy is converted into photochemical reaction energy. The absorption takes place in the chromophores: DNA (DNA), RNA (RNA), proteins and pigments. Individual spectral ranges of UV radiation are distinguished according to their effects.